Case Studies

Brazil

The country has a relatively limited experience with private involvement in WSS. During the last decade the institutional framework for WSS in Brazil has undergone a far-reaching redefinition, especially through federal policies directed at fostering decentralization, privatization, and the reconstruction of the regulatory system. However, compared with the pace of change achieved in electricity and telecommunications, progress in the WSS sector has been much slower and very limited. To a large extent, this situation stems from the fact that the decentralizing and privatizing forces are facing the resistance of pre-existent political, juridical and administrative ‘traditions’ prevalent in the Brazilian WSS sector. These factors, that tended to be overlooked by policy planners and reformers during recent years, will have to be taken into consideration more seriously in analysing and conducting the process of change in order to bring about real improvements in the management of WSS in the country. The case studies will include i) a controversial and questioned privatization process in the city of Limeira, in the state of São Paulo, ii) a successful example of privatization in the municipality of Niterói, state of Rio de Janeiro, and iii) a case of intermunicipal concession of WSS to private capitals, involving an association of six municipalities from the Lakes Region in the state of Rio de Janeiro.


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