PRINWASS

E-Newsletter

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No 4 - September 2003

General Coordination: José Esteban Castro

In this issue

News from the Coordination

New Partnerships

News from the Federal University of Sao Carlos Team (Brazil)

News from the FLACSO Argentina Team

News from the FLACSO Mexico Team

News from the Higher University of San Simón Team (Cochabamba, Bolivia)

News from the National University of Buenos Aires Team (Argentina)

News from the National University of General Sarmiento Team (Argentina)

News from the National University of Misiones Team (Argentina)

News from the University of Nairobi Team (Kenya - Associated Institution)

News from the Tampere University of Technology Team

News from the University of the Aegean Team

News from the University of Newcastle-CESU Team (UK-Bolivia)

News from the University of Oxford Team

Forthcoming Water Events

New Publications

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News from the Coordination

Relations with the private sector:

PRINWASS investigates from a theoretical and empirical perspective the model of private sector participation that has been implemented worlwide and with different strategies and results since the 1980s. Although we have a wide definition of "private sector participation", in practice most of our case studies focus on situations where water and sanitation utilities are provided by large multinational conglomerates led by global water operators. Therefore, the coordination has sought to establish lines of communication with relevant actors in the companies involved, especially for gaining access to critical information needed to complete our case studies and also to receive feedback on our research work. In this regard, we welcome comments, suggestions, and especially information that can improve the quality of our work in areas where the empirical evidence is no longer available in the public domain. This concerns particularly actual figures of private-sector investment and financing in water and sanitation operations, but also extends to other areas such as access to concession contracts and similar documentation that is often considered to be commercially "sensitive" and therefore is not available for consultation by university researchers or the public in general. In this regard, we are actively seeking to establish and consolidate lines of cooperation with the private sector in order to enhance the quality of the information and analysis in PRINWASS research and teaching activities. Within this framework, the project coordinator has been in contact with some of the leading private water companies operating worldwide. Also, local partners have been in contact with private operators during the elaboration of their case studies (see below the individual reports by the project partners).

Dr J E Castro, PRINWASS coordinator, jointly with other colleagues and advanced students at Oxford University, were invited by RWE-Thames Water to make presentations of results from ongoing research on water issues to a group of managers and other key members of the company. The workshop (see details) took place on 3 July 2003 at St Antony's College, Oxford, and was part of a cooperation agreement between RWE-Thames Water and the Environment Change Institute at Oxford University. This was an excellent opportunity for informed debate, and we established informal channels of communication for the exchange of information and feedback. In this regard, it is worth mentioning that RWE-Thames Water is the main provider of water supply and the sole provider of sewerage services in London, one of PRINWASS' case studies.

Following our participation in the “Stakeholder Meeting” organized by Vivendi Environnement (now Veolia Environnement) on 11 December 2002 in London (see previous Newsletter), we have maintained an informal line of communication with the company, which has kept us informed of the developments following up the meeting.

We have also been in contact with Suez Environnement, owner of Ondeo. Suez accepted the invitation of the PRINWASS coordination (also extended at the time to other private operators, including Vivendi and Thames Water), to participate in the Second PRINWASS International Conference that took place in Mexico City on 2-3 April 2003. Two representatives of Suez's Mexican subsidiaries participated actively in the event (see the presentation by Mr Jacques Letondot in the Documents web pages). We have kept an informal line of communication with the company, which runs operations in some areas covered by PRINWASS' case studies (especially in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico).

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Work progress:

We have produced draft reports of our case studies and other relevant documents, most of which will be available by request. We welcome feedback and suggestions. If you are interested in any of these reports, please ask the project coordination for an electronic copy (please, provide your name, full contact details, institutional attachment, and a brief comment to indicate the reason why you are interested in receiving the reports).

Our project is now in the process of developing the comparative analysis of the case studies. This is a horizontal comparison that focuses on the key thematic dimensions of the project and will produce a report for each of these dimensions. We have allocated responsibility for the comparative analyses in the following way:


In addition to the value of producing comparative analyses cutting across our wide-ranging set of case studies, the comparative work will also help to identify gaps and weaknesses in the individual case study reports. We plan to come back to the case studies and produce a final version after completing the comparative studies, also taking into account any feedback, criticism, and suggestions from peer reviewers and external readers.

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Most of the documents of the Second PRINWASS International Conference, are now available for downloading in the Documents page.

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We have also launched a Spanish version of the project's web site

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PRINWASS has also been encouraging young students both in developed and developing countries, providing them with access to information, contacts, and support. We are very pleased that one of our students, Vincent Leguen from France, has just successfully completed his degree (see details).

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New Partnerships

PRINWASS continued to develop and strenghten partnerships with academic institutions, NGOs, and public and private sector organizations working on topics relevant for the project. Through the association with colleagues at these institutions we seek to establish relations of cooperation, which include exchanging information, receiving feedback on our work, provide advice based on our research, and developing new opportunities for research and related activities. The list of newly associated institutions includes:


Ministry of the Cities, National Secretary of Environmental Sanitation (SNSA), Brasilia. Following our initial contacts with the SNSA (see previous Newsletter), we have now developed lines of collaboration for further research, training, and exchange of information. Within this framework for collaboration, PRINWASS researchers were recently invited by the SNSA to participate in a series of workshops and conferences in Brasilia to support current efforts towards the modernization and universalization of water and sanitation services in the country.

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Department of Accounting and Finance, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Our colleague at the Department, Dr Jean Shaoul, is an expert on the financial aspects of the privatised water industry.

Contact: Dr Jean Shaoul.

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Institute of Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Our contact at the Institute, Dr Joel Carrillo Rivera, is a geologist and hydrologist with expertise in groundwater flow theory who has adopted an interdisciplinary approach and pays also attention to the social and political implications of growundwater management. He is also Vice-President of the Latin American Association for Groundwater Hydrology.

Contact: Dr Joel Carrillo Rivera.

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School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne (UK).

Contact: Dr Thomas P Curtis.

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Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Contact: Prof. Léo Heller.

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Ecological Economics Group, Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Sciences, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain.

Contact: Prof. Joan Martinez Allier.

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Development Research Institute, University of Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Contact: Dr. Roldan Muradian.

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New Water Culture Foundation, Zaragoza, Spain.

Contact: Dr. María Luisa Feijóo Bello.

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Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.

Contact: Dr. Daniel Díaz Fuentes.

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OXFAM (UK). Oxfam has long-standing expertise in water-related emergency and development aid in less developed countries.

Contact person: Public Health Advisor Eng. Tim Forster.

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News from the Federal University of São Carlos Team (Brazil)

Dr Marcelo Vargas, head of the Brazilian Team has completed the draft version of the Brazilian case study (Deliverable #7), which addresses the cases of Limeira (Sao Paulo), Niterói (Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area), and an intermunicipal arrangement in the Lakes region of Rio de Janiero state (involving the municipalities of Armação dos Búzios, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Iguaba Grande and São Pedro da Aldeia). He is also collaborating with Eng Osmo Seppälä and Dr Jarmo Hukka (Tampere University of Technology Team) in the cordination of the "Cross-comparative Report on Legal and Institutional Aspects and Water Sector Trends" (Deliverable #19).

Dr Vargas has been also very active networking with key actors from the private, public, and voluntary sectors who are playing important roles in Brazilian water and sanitation policies:

Dr Vargas has also completed the following publications and papers:

A chapter on "the social perception of water", written jointly with Gabriela de Paula, in N. Valencio (ed.) Uso e Gestão dos Recursos Hídricos no Brasil, Vol. II, (forthcoming November 2003).

His paper on “Abastecimento de água e esgotamento sanitário nas cidades brasileiras: riscos e oportunidades do envolvimento privado na prestação dos serviços” (Risks and opportunities of private sector involvement on water and sanitation services in Brazilian cities), has been accepted to be presented and discussed at the 1st meeting of the Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ambiente e Sociedade (ANPPAS) (National Association of Postgraduate Studies and Research on Environment and Society), to be held on 9-11 December 2003 at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Sao Paulo.

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News from the FLACSO Argentina Team

The FLACSO Argentina team has completed the sections on economic-financial and institutional aspects of the Buenos Aires Case Study (Deliverable #5.1). Lic Daniel Azpiazu, the team coordinator, is also leading, with the support of Dr Carmen Ledo from the UMSS team, the "Cross-comparative Report on Economic and Financial Aspects" (Deliverable #20).

Lic Azpiazu has also a number of additional high-profile activities related to the topic of our project, including:

Lic. Karina Forcinito, also a member of the FLACSO-Argentina team, is heading the research project “Privatization and regulation of public services in Argentina. Impacts on sectoral performance, income distribution, and the competitiveness of the economy. The cases of telecommunications and water and sanitation, National University of General Sarmiento.

The team has also completed a series of publications and papers and developed teaching activities related to the project's topics:

Publications:

Papers:

Teaching:


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News from the FLACSO Mexico Team


The FLACSO Mexico Team, coordinated by Dr María Luisa Torregrosa, has completed the draft version of the Mexican case study (Deliverable #12), focusing on the city of Aguascalientes. The team is also coordinating the "Cross-comparative Report on Infrastructure and Technology" (Deliverable #18). The team is developing an analytical model for this study, and has engaged Dr Medardo Mesa, a water engineer, to reinforce the interdisciplinary capabilities of the local team for carrying out this task.

The PRINWASS team at FLACSO-Mexico was invited by the Population Research Area to present the provisional research fundings of the project to the institution's academic community. The presentation was made jointly by Lic Karina Kloster, Dr Fernando Saavedra, and Dr María Luisa Torregrosa on 22 September 2003.

The FLACSO-Mexico team has been invited to collaborate in the research project Service Provision Governance in the Peri-urban Interface of Metropolitan Areas, funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), and coordinated by the Development Planning Unit, University College London. FLACSO is developing a case study on the semi- rural department of Milpa Alta, in the Federal District of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area.

The Mexican team has also produced publications and papers, and developed project-related teaching activities during this period:

Publications:

Papers:

Teaching:


Other relevant activities:


Training

Mr Vincent Leguen, a French student at the Ecole Supérieure d'Agro-devélopemment Internationale (ISTOM) in France, who joined the FLACSO Mexico team and actively participated in the PRINWASS case-study field work, has successfully completed his studies. Vincent submitted a dissertation on "Privatization of water and sanitation services in Aguascalientes". ISTOM's authorities sent a warm message of gratitude to Dr Torregrosa, responsible for Vincent's stay at FLACSO-Mexico. Vincent himself sent us a message saying "I succeeded in my studies and am now starting looking for a job in the water sector. I shall keep you informed of the evolutions. Many thanks, I do remenber that it was you at PRINWASS that started it all". Congratulations Vincent!

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News from the Higher University of San Simón Team (UMSS) (Cochabamba, Bolivia)

The local team, coordinated by Dr Carmen Ledo, is completing its part of the Bolivian case study (Deliverable #6) focusing on the case of Cochabamba, which is jointly developed with the Newcastle-CESU team. She is also contributing to the co-ordination of the "Cross-comparative Report on Economic and Financial Aspects" (Deliverable #20), headed by FLACSO Argentina.


Dr Ledo has also produced publications and papers, and developed project-related teaching activities during this period:

Academic papers and presentations in meetings:


Academic publications


Advice and exchange of information


Teaching


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News from the National University of Buenos Aires Team

The team, led by Prof. Juan Carlos Marín, has completed draft versions of their part in the Argentinean case studies. Although in the original project we envisaged one single deliverable for the Argentinean case study (Deliverable #5), we have decided that given the specificities of each case it was better to have two separate reports (now, Deliverables #5.1 and #5.2). Lic Emilio Crenzel has completed the draft report for the Tucumán case study (Deliverable #5.2), and he and Lic Gustavo Forte have jointly prepared the socio-demographic and the socio-political and cultural aspects of the Buenos Aires case study (Deliverable #5.1), which is being developed in combination with the FLACSO-Argentina and the UNGS teams.

Lic. Crenzel and Lic Forte are also coordinating the Cross-comparative report on the Socio-demographic trends and urban development (Deliverable #17).

Members of the team have also participated in relevant academic and professional meetings:

Participation in project-related academic and professional meetings:

The team continues its programme for the training of young researchers and has now incorporated Mr Gustavo Antón, a student in the latest stages of the BA in Sociology (UBA). Mr Antón is contributing to the development of the Cross-comparative report on the Socio-demographic and urban development dimensions of the study.

Prof. Juan Carlos Marín has succeeded in securing a first instalment of the funding that had been granted to the team under the "Tri-annual Subsidy" of the Agency of Technology, Science, and Productive Innovation, part of the Cooperation Agreement between Argentina and the European Commission's V Framework Programme. Owing to the well-known financial crisis affecting the country, the subsidy that originally had been granted for a period of 3 years (2002-2005) has been reduced to 2 years, while the original amount has been reduced to one third owing to the devaluation of the local currency. The funds, however reduced, will strenghten the research strategies followed by the UBA team, especially by allowing them to continue incorporating young researchers and expanding collaboration with colleagues in other institutions.

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News from the National University of General Sarmiento Team (UNGS-Argentina)

The team, coordinated by Arq. Andrea Catenazzi, is working closely with the other Argentinean teams, especially with the University of Buenos Aires group. In this regard, she is collaborating in the coordination of the "Cross-comparative Report on Demo-geographic Trends and Urban Development" (D17), which forms part of the Second Phase of the project.

Lic Gustavo Kohan has been developing a number of activities of high relevance for some of the analytical dimensions of our research:


Members of the team have also produced several publications and papers:

Publications


Papers presented:


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News from the National University of Misiones Team (UNAM-Argentina)

The team at UNAM has been collaborating with the team at the University of Buenos Aires in the elaboration of some aspects of the local case studies. They have also produced two additional reports (in Spanish) on the experience of private sector participation in the province of El Chaco and in the city of Corrientes, capital of the province of Corrientes, both in the Argentinean Northeast. The reports are not part of the project deliverables, but they offer useful material for comparative purposes and internal debate.

Dr Jorge Roze is jointly coordinating a Session on "Cities, services, urban networks, citizen demands, actors, and social movements" at the XXIV Latin American Congress of Sociology "Latin America Towards an Alternative Development Model", organized by the Latin American Association of Sociology (ALAS), that will take place in Arequipa, Peru, on 4-7 November 2003.

Members of the team will present two papers at the ALAS congress:


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News from the University of Nairobi Team (Kenya - Associated Institution)

The team at Nairobi is formally an associated institution in the project, working under the coordination of the team at Tampere University of Technology.

Dr Ezekiel Nyangeri Nyanchaga, the team's coordinator, has completed the draft version of the Kenyan case study (Deliverable #11). The study looks at the cases of the Nyeri Municipal Council and the Tala Town Council, and also provides an overall assessment of the situation of the water and sanitation sector in Kenya.

He also organized a workshop on “Visionary Management for Water Services Sector Reforms in Kenya” on 9 May 2003. The workshop was chaired by the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Dr. G.C. Mulaku, and was attended by 33 participants, including invited experts from various water sector stakeholders in Kenya, and graduate and postgraduate students from the university. Guest speakers were Eng. D.K. Barasa, Coordinator of the Water Sector Reforms Secretariat, and Dr Jarmo Hukka and Eng Osmo Seppälä from Tampere University of Technology. The workshop provided useful information for PRINWASS, both for the local case study and also for the products to be delivered in the final stage of the project, as the workshop helped to develop preliminary scenarios for future Water Sector Reforms.

Dr Nyangeri Nyanchaga is also supervising two students at the MSc programme in Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering. The supervision involves Part II of the course, and PRINWASS materials are used as core references for the students:

Eng. Daniel Barasa Kidwoli is carrying out his MSc work on "Private Sector Participation in the Water Sector in Kenya: Is it the way forward? A case study of Malindi Water Supply". He is starting the field data collection in early October 2003.

Mr Brian Shikoli Steve Akhonya is focusing his MSc on "Performance evaluation of Nyeri Water and Sewerage Company", and he is in the process of finalising the preparation of the research proposal.

Dr Nyangeri has also completed the following publications and papers:


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News from the Tampere University of Technology Team (Finland)

Eng. Osmo Seppälä has completed the draft report of the case study allocated to the Finnish team (Deliverable #9), which covers the cases of LV Lahti Water Ltd, Kangasala Municipality Water and Sewerage Utility, and Lappavesi Ltd & Lapua Sewerage Ltd. Eng. Seppälä also produced a draft version of the report on "International and national policies that facilitate or hinder private participation especially in developing countries" (Deliverable #2). Currently, Eng. Seppälä and Dr Jarmo Hukka, jointly with Dr Marcelo Coutinho Vargas (University of São Carlos Team), are coordinating the Cross-comparative Report on Legal and Institutional Aspects and Water Sector Trends" (Deliverable #19).

TUT/IIEB is also a partner in the European Commission-funded project WATERTIME. Tapio Katko, Pekka Pietilä and Jarmo Hukka participated in the Second Watertime Steering Committee Meeting and Stakeholder Workshop in Cordoba, Spain, 1-3 October 2003.

Pekka Pietilä has continued to work on a short-time basis in Namibia in a project aimed at strengthening the administration of newly created municipalities. As part of the ongoing decentralization process in the country, responsibility for water distribution has been shifted to the municipalities, and this is the main focus of Mr Pietilä's work there. The project is very much in line with his overall research interests on the role played by municipalities in the management of water services.

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Members of the Team have also completed several publications and presented papers in different events:

Papers


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Publications


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News from the University of the Aegean Team (Greece)

Dr Giorgos Kallis from the University of the Aegean Team has completed the draft report on the Greek case study focusing on the case of Athens (Deliverable #10). He is also co-ordinating the "Cross-comparative Report on Environmental Sustainability" (Deliverable #15).

Dr Kallis also participated in the preparation of a special issue of the Green Pepper magazine on water privatisation. Green Pepper is a collective magazine publishing special issues on aspects of development, globalisation and the environment from a radical viewpoint. The special issue on water privatisation criticised recent trends towards privatisation and the take-up of water services around the world by multi-national companies. The issue also addressed the advantages of local, communitarian control and organisation of water systems. Dr Kallis assisted the editorial team of the Green Pepper in the preparation of the issue and the editing of the articles, as well as in the preparation of its Spanish language version which is distributed widely in Spain and Latin America. Dr Erik Swyngedouw, from the Oxford University team, and Dr Karen Bakker from the University of British Columbia (a PRINWASS associated institution), contributed articles on "The water multi-nationals" and on the question if water is "a public or a private good", respectively.

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News from the Newcastle-CESU Team (UK-Bolivia)

Dr Nina Laurie and Dr Carlos Crespo from the Newcastle-CESU Team have completed their part of the draft version of the Bolivian case study, which focuses on the case of Cochabamba (Deliverable #6), and is jointly developed with Dr Carmen Ledo (UMSS-CESU team) and Lic. Ramiro Molina (FDCMA team). Dr Laurie and Dr Crespo are also coordinating, jointly with Dr José Esteban Castro from the Oxford University Team, the "Cross-comparative Report on Social, Political, and Cultural Aspects" (Deliverable #21).

Members of the Team have also produced several publications, papers, and events for dissemination and interaction with key actors:

Events:

Dr Crespo, jointly with fellow researchers at the Higher University of San Simón in Cochabamba, organized a workshop on "Fortalecimiento de Capacidades en la Identificación y Manejo de Conflictos desde una Perspectiva Comunitaria. Taller con los Campesinos Regantes de Bolivia" (Capacity Building for the Identification and Management of Conflicts from a Community Perspective. A Workshop with the Peasant Irrigators of Bolivia), funded by Oxfam Bolivia. The most pressing problem identified by the irrigators is the government's plan for the privatization and commodification of water resources through the passing of a new Water Law and the project to export water from the Potosí region towards Northern Chile. The irrigators presented a strategy for action, which includes lobbying and negotiation to stop the government's policy as well as strenghtening the National Irrigators Organization. The event was attended by male and female representatives of over 60 organizations of irrigators from across the country. Electronic copies of the workshop's proceedings can be requested to Dr Crespo.

He is also participating in the Foro de las Americas "La Concertación, Instrumento para la Gestión Sostenible del Agua Dulce en el Siglo XXI" (Forum of the Americas "Consensus Politics, Instrument for Sustainable Fresh Water Management in the XXI Century), to be held on 21-24 October 2003 in La Paz, Bolivia. The Forum is organized by Bolivian government institutions, universities, and international cooperation agencies to provide an opportunity for analysis and exchange of experiences in relation to consensus-based water management practices. Dr Crespo will present a paper on the concession granted in La Paz to the private consortium "Aguas del Illimani", headed by the French company Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux.

Teaching:

Dr Laurie taught a module on community development in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Illinois (Urban-Champaign).

She also taught three sessions on issues of gender and water privatisation as well as ethno-development at the Postgraduate Unit of the Faculty of Social Sciences, National Higher University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru.

Mr Rory Padfield, a new doctoral student working on water privatization in Zambia and issues of mine water pollution has joined Geography at Newcastle. His studies are funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).

The materials elaborated by the PRINWASS project are providing theoretical and empirical resources for two students of the Master Programme in Environment and Sustainable Development at the CESU-UMSS in Cochabamba. One thesis focuses on the environmental history of water resources management in the Valley of Cochabamba, while the other addresses the movement of social resistence against the Bolivian government's policy for water exports from the Potosí southern region to Northern Chile.

Publications:

Dr Laurie is the editor of a special issue of the journal Geoforum, focusing on "Constructing water orthodoxies: the ‘pro poor’ agenda and privatization under scrutiny", which is planned for next year. The issue will include papers by José Esteban Castro (Oxford team) and Carlos Crespo (Newcastle-CESU team).

She is also working on a book on Género y Cultura en Bolivia (Gender and Culture in Bolivia), co-edited with María Ester Pozo, which will include a chapter by Dr Pamela Calla on the Cochabamba water situation from a gender perspective.

Academic exchange activities:

Dr Laurie spent several weeks in Bolivia during the Summer, co-ordinating the work for the local PRINWASS case study with her colleagues at CESU.

She also returned from a year’s fellowship at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in the USA in September. In Illinois she worked closely with Dr Michael Goldman, from the Department of Sociology, who is preparing a a book on The Birth of a Discipline: The New Politics and Science of the World Bank, based on ethnographic and participant research inside World Bank Headquarters and in select borrowing countries. Much of Dr Goldman's work focuses on the construction of water discourses in the bank.

Institutional development:

Nina has been awarded university funding to establish a Developing Areas Research Network (DARN) in Newcastle to bring together social scientists, medics and engineers working on development issues. Water will be a key theme of this group. Newcastle was short listed for funding for an ESRC centre on Water and Governance earlier in the year however was unsuccessful in the final round. It is hoped the interdisciplinary focus on water established through this process will continue through DARN.

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News from the University of Oxford Team

The Oxford Team continued with its own research and teaching tasks. This included the preparation of several project reports by Dr J E Castro:


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Dr Castro presented several papers based on the ongoing research at the following events:


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Dr Castro has also completed the following publications:


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Dr Castro has been also invited to the Editorial Board of the Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, journal of the Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica (REDIBEC), based at the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO), Quito, Ecuador.

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PRINWASS has now become a central piece in the teaching and research activities of the Oxford Centre for Water Research (OCWR). The Oxford team has also succeeded in developing and inter-department network, with a very close association with the Centre for Development Studies (QEH), the Centre for Mexican Studies, and the Centre for Brazilian Studies. The team has promoted an increasing number of research and teaching activities centred on a social science perspective but with a truly interdisciplinary approach, establishing a meaningful dialogue between, in particular, social and water scientists.

Within this inter-department framework, Dr Castro is spearheading a research and teaching programme on "Water in Mexico", which includes a research proposal on "Conflicts over water in Mexico", as well as a programme for the exchange of students and visiting academics between Mexican institutions and Oxford. As part of these activities, he organized a seminar on “Groundwater in Mexico - users response and responsibilities”, given by Dr Joel Carrillo Rivera, at the Centre for Mexican Studies on 2 June 2003. Dr Carrillo Rivera is a Geologist from the Institute of Geography at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), with expertise in groundwater flow theory. He is the Editor (Associated) of the Hydrogeology Journal, and the Vice-President of the Latin American Association for Groundwater Hydrology. He was visiting the Oxford Centre for Water Research as part of a exchange programme funded by the Royal Geographical Society and the Mexican Academy of Sciences and organized by Prof Mike Edmunds, Research Director at the OCWR.

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Among other teaching activities relevant to the project, Dr Castro has chaired an 8-week course (March-June) on "Water management: an interdisciplinary approach", as part of the MSc in Nature, Society and Environmental Policy (MScNSEP), at the School of Geography and the Environment in Oxford. The course provided an introduction to mainstream debates and key problems around issues of water management and development policy, water-related environmental protection policies, cultural meanings of water, water science underpinnings of policy decisions, and the political ecology of water, including the interweaving between water, power, and issues of governance and citizenship.

Dr Castro also teaches at the MSc in Environmental Change and Management, run by the Environment Change Institute at the School of Geography and the Environment. He is also actively participating in the preparation of the new MsC in Water Science, Policy, and Management, that will start in October 2004. This master course will provide an understanding of both water science, and the political, cultural and organizational frameworks within which management decisions are made. It is designed to reach students from Government and Non-Government water and environmental agencies, statutory bodies, public and private water providers as well as those interested in pursuing scientific research on water-related topics.

He has also supervised a number of water-related post-graduate dissertations in this period:

  • Ms Sandrine Brisset (co-supervision during a one-year stay in Oxford), PhD in Health Geography, Université de Rouen, France, and Maison Française, Oxford. Thesis on the relationship between water supply and sanitation, the urban environment, and public health in the city of Chennai, India. The thesis is being developed and will be submitted at the Université de Rouen, France (main supervisor, Dr. Alain Vaguet).
  • Mr Gareth Morgan, MSc in Environmental Change and Management, thesis on “The prescriptive potential of virtual water theory: a case study of South Africa”, Environment Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford University (completed September 2003).
  • Ms Hanna Day-Woodruff (co-supervised with Prof. Mike Edmunds), MSc in Environmental Change and Management, thesis on “Water and oil, Texas”, Environment Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford University (completed September 2003).
  • Mr Étienne von Bertrab, MSc in Environment and Sustainable Development, thesis on “The development of river basin institutions in Mexico”, Faculty of the Built Environment, Development Planning Unit, University College London (completed September 2003).
  • Mr Evaristo San Miguel Navarro, MSc in Environment and Sustainable Development, thesis on “Water Management in Spain”, Faculty of the Built Environment, Development Planning Unit, University College London. (completed September 2003).
  • Ms Laurence Salmon, MSc in Environment and Sustainable Development, thesis on “The right to water”, Faculty of the Built Environment, Development Planning Unit, University College London. (completed September 2003).
  • Mr Mukuki Hante, MSc in Environment and Sustainable Development, thesis on “Social and environmental outcomes of the inadequate delivery of road and drainage services in Dar es Salaam City. A policy perspective”, Faculty of the Built Environment, Development Planning Unit, University College London (completed September 2003).

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    Forthcoming Water Events

    Foro de las Americas "La Concertación, Instrumento para la Gestión Sostenible del Agua Dulce en el Siglo XXI" (Forum of the Americas "Consensus Politics, Instrument for Sustainable Fresh Water Management in the XXI Century"), 21-24 October 2003, La Paz, Bolivia.

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    XXIV Latin American Congress of Sociology "Latin America Towards an Alternative Development Model", organized by the Latin American Association of Sociology (ALAS), Arequipa, Peru, 4-7 November 2003. Among other thematic areas to be covered are: : Urban networks and Services; Local government, urban management and planning; New urban spaces and heritage; Citizen demands and urban social movements; The Latin American city and the new urban trends; urban transformations and the construction of subjectivity.

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    First Meeting of the Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ambiente e Sociedade (ANPPAS) (National Association of Postgraduate Studies and Research on Environment and Society), to be held on 9-11 December 2003, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Sao Paulo. The topic of the meeting will be Water: social, political-institutional and territorial issues. A second session will address "The UNICAM and water".

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    3rd Conference of the International Water History Association (IWHA), 11-14 December 2003, El Cairo, Egypt.

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    Joint Congress of the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) and the Latin-American Association of Underground Hydrology for Development (ALHSUD), 11-15 October 2004, Zacatecas, Mexico.

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    Suggested Publications

    Privatisation in the European Union: Public Enterprises and Integration, by Judith Clifton (Universidad de Oviedo, Spain, Open University and University of Leeds, UK), Francisco Comín Comín (Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain), and Daniel Díaz Fuentes (Universidad de Cantabria, Spain).

    O saneamento no Brasil: Políticas e Interfaces (Sanitation in Brazil: Policies and Interfaces), by Sonaly Cristina Rezende and Léo Heller (Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil).

    Tapping the Market. The Challenge of Institutional Reform in the Urban Water Sector, by Andrew Nickson (University of Birmingham) and Richard Franceys (Cranfield University), Palgrave-Macmillan.

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